Sperm donation

Sperm donation is the provision (or ‘donation’) by a man, (known as a ‘sperm donor’), of his sperm, with the intention that it be used to impregnate a woman who is not usually the man’s sexual partner, in order to produce a child.Normal sperm:

Who needs sperm donation?

The male partner infertility,where the pregnancy is not achived by the female due to sperm abnormality,any obstruction in outlet,or agenesis of sperm….
Semen deficiencies are often labeled as follows:

Oligospermia or **Oligozoospermia – decreased number of spermatozoa in semen
Aspermia – complete lack of semen
Hypospermia – reduced seminal volume
Azoospermia – absence of sperm cells in semen
Teratospermia – increase in sperm with abnormal morphology
Asthenozoospermia – reduced sperm motility

Abnormal sperm morphology:

A sperm donor is the natural or biological father of every child produced as a result of his donations.
Sperm donation can be performed either in a medical setting, such as a fertility clinic, or at home. Home donations are done using sperm from a known donor, or from a contact through a classified advert or sperm donation forum or website.

Pregnancies are usually achieved using donated sperm by artificial insemination (either by ICI or IUI in a clinic, or Intravaginal Insemination at home) and less commonly by in vitro fertilization (IVF), usually known in this context as ART but insemination may also be achieved by a donor having sexual intercourse with a woman for the sole purpose of initiating conception. This method is known as natural insemination, or NI.

The general process of sperm donation is described as third party reproduction.
A donor may donate sperm as an anonymous or non-anonymous donor through a clinic known as a sperm bank or through a third party or broker who makes arrangements between sperm donors and recipient women, known as a sperm agency. A sperm donor may also donate directly to the recipient and may be known to her as a friend or non-blood relative. This may be done privately, or through a sperm bank or fertility clinic.

Sperm donation is used to assist heterosexual couples unable to produce children because of male infertility, such as where the male partner produces no sperm (azoospermia). However, techniques e.g. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection) have been developed which enable many ‘male factor’ problems to be overcome and which enable the couple to produce their own biological child (such techniques are not without risks). Sperm donation is now popularly used as a means to enable women who are single (sometimes known as choice mothers) or partnered lesbians to conceive children.

Sperm donors may be selected on the grounds of looks, personality, academic ability, race, and many other factors. Similarity in appearance to the recipient’s partner is often a criterion.


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